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Skills Every Full Stack Developer Needs in 2021

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Skills Every Full Stack Developer Needs in 2021

In 2019 Stack Overflow surveyed over 90,000 developers globally, and 51.9% of the participants turned out to be full stack developers. And that number will continue increasing given the current scenario we live in where we can’t lift a finger without using a piece of software.

There are applications for everything you can think of. From social media to apps that test your kissing skills! Companies are continually looking for new ideas to create apps, websites, and platforms to hook an audience. For this, they are on the look-out for a full-stack developer who can help them put their ideas and objectives into practice by building applications that consumers can’t get enough of.

What Is Full Stack Development?

Full stack developers combine the programming of the client side or the frontend of the website and the server side or the backend of the website to create an end-to-end solution for a web application to run smoothly. In other words, full stack development involves engineering a website or mobile application that has an engaging user-interface (frontend) that also smartly handles data (backend) behind the scene to provide quick solutions to a user query.

What Is Frontend Development?

Frontend development involves creating a visible part of the website where users will be engaging. The screen where users enter a query or submit the required details to be directed to a solution or a specific dashboard forms the frontend.

A web application needs to be easily-navigable and visually appealing to encourage more users. Therefore, while programming, the frontend developer must take care of both the structure and the web application function. The frontend programming languages are:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Javascript
  • Jquery

What Is Backend Development?

Backend development involves data handling behind the curtains. When a user enters a query on a web server over the internet, the query is forwarded to the web application’s server. The web application server looks into the database for the desired answer and sends it across to the web server. The database and the application server, and the operating system form an integral part of backend development. The backend programming languages are::

  • Java
  • PHP
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Python
  • .Net

Why Companies Hire Full Stack Developers?

It’s impossible to know why companies hire full stack developers without understanding what their role is.

A full-stack developer is someone who can provide the flexibility companies seek among their tech hires, thanks to their all-encompassing knowledge of both backend and frontend development. Yes, specializations do matter, and specific projects may require designated engineers for backend and frontend coding. However, for many businesses, a full-stack developer is all it takes to create a great piece of programming sporting a deft user-interface teamed with efficient back-end programming involving the server and the database.

Startups also have a high demand for full-stack developers who can help develop a Minimum Viable Product, a crucial first step in the journey of a product or API application before its official launch. At this stage, full-stack developers contribute by programming the initial features of a product that either makes it a deal-maker or a deal-breaker when the first set of feedback from customers is collected.

2021 would be a manifestation of more businesses embracing automation and, full-stack developers would be in demand due to the following skills: 

  1. Their backend and frontend programming knowledge.
  2. They are able to handle the server end and the client end of a web application streamlining data structure and algorithm.
  3. Their comprehensive understanding of development allows them to troubleshoot without second assistance.
  4. A single full-stack developer can engineer a complete website or application, unlike a specialist who knows only one of the areas of a software solution. For example, a System Administrator takes care of only the operating system and the servers. A full-stack developer will handle the operating system, the servers, the UI/UX, and the database.

Do You Have What It Takes To Be A Full Stack Developer?

In 2021, the competition among companies wanting to incorporate the most efficient technologies in their products is going to be higher. The bar will keep rising in terms of launching software products that make the lives of consumers easier.

So, as a full stack developer, you have to know your frontend and backend like the palm of your hands. You must be acquainted with all the latest tools and languages to take care of all types of market demands. 

The Key Skills Required Of Full-stack Developers Are:

1. Frontend Skills: Frontend skills involve mastering the programming languages you would need to build an efficient user interface. The first step is to build your foundation with HTML and CSS.

HTML – HyperText Markup Language forms the basis of the frontend development of a website. You would implement HTML to define each part of the website’s functionality that the user would be viewing.  The point of HTML is to inform the browser of the website’s structure for it to interpret paragraphs, headers, links, images, and other elements.

CSS – If HTML is the structure, CSS or Cascading Style Sheets adds aesthetics to the structure. Imagine pretty fonts, visually appealing backgrounds and colors, animation and 3D effects.

JavaScript – After structure and aesthetics a good web application will have all the features users can engage with. This includes contact forms, personal details forms, sign up/login windows, drop-down menus, maps, video players – anything where a user would be completing a task on the website. Good knowledge of JavaScript will help you add user-interactive features to a website.

Jquery – Learning Jquery will help you use JavaScript on the website with ease. For example, while implementing AJAX calls (loads personalized content without installing them into the HTML), JavaScript may feel like a complicated language to code. However, with Jquery, you can do it with ease. So is the case with DOM manipulation and other complicated tasks like HTML event methods, CSS manipulations etc. Plus, it comes with many plugins to help you accomplish almost any task.

2. Backend Skills: Your backend skills would determine how you use coding and business logic to connect the web server with the application server and the database. The following languages are instrumental in implementing the codes that would ensure a web application runs smoothly.  

Python – It’s a versatile, easy-to-learn language that works on various operating systems. You can use Python’s multiple web application frameworks to implement automation wherever necessary and create prototypes (mock applications). Python has many web frameworks that you can use to create competitive web applications that also incorporate machine learning.

Java – As a full-stack developer you are going to handle APIs, IoT, big data, scientific applications etc. Java could be your ticket to developing amazing software solutions. Plus it’s a beginner-friendly language. For instance, memory management and pointers are complex parts of programming. With Java you can accomplish these tasks with ease.

PHP – PHP has a close affinity with other programming languages such as Java, .NET, and Ruby. The popular open-source framework Laravel is a PHP framework and it’s still relevant to learn PHP as a backend language because as a beginner, you may end up writing code that contains errors or bugs. But, PHP can make any code work! By the way, WordPress was built on PHP.

Ruby on Rails – It’s a stable language unlike other languages like JavaScript/Node.js that change constantly. So, that’s a relief for new aspirants looking to create their first full-stack web application using one language. With Ruby you can develop an entire application without having to leave the framework.. It’s the ideal language for creating the currently trending, single-page application.

.NET – .NET could be your key to learning the principles of a good software design and building a robust web server. It’s a Microsoft supported software development framework that businesses use to build a product that works as a web-based application, desktop software and also has a cloud infrastructure.

MEAN – In the recent past MEAN has become quite popular with full-stack developers as it contains a complete list of frameworks required to accomplish end-to-end web application development. It is based on JavaScript, which means you can avoid the hefty task of learning too many full-stack programming languages. The frameworks are:

  • MongoDB, which can be used for the database.
  • Express.js can be used to develop a web application.
  • AngularJS is for frontend development.
  • NodeJS is for back-end development.

3. Developing APIs – Full-stack development is incomplete without the development of secure APIs that are meant to connect mobile or web applications to databases and servers. Learning REST or Representational State Transfer will help you develop architectures for APIs. A good thing about REST is that you can change the code on the client-side or the server-side anytime without interrupting each other’s operations.

4. Understanding Version Control System – You would be probably working with a number of developers who are continuously modifying the source code. By honing your version control system skill, you would be able to keep a track of the modifications in the code. This will help you compare between various code versions and revert to a previous version in case of an error. GIT, CVS, SVN, Mercurial are some of the most popular version control software tools you can learn.

5. Cybersecurity Skills – Though most companies will have cybersecurity specialities in their tech teams, knowing something about security testing could be a good addition to your resume. To conduct security testing you would have to know the full stack programming languages like Java, C/C++, PHP, Rubi. Perl. Lisp. Python, JavaScript, Apple’s SWIFT, SQL by heart.

6. Understanding Algorithm and Data Structure – A full stack developer is a problem solver. Therefore, a good company would be evaluating a candidate’s knowledge of data structure and algorithms. By studying the data structure and algorithms you would be able to formulate logical statements.

Data coding, for example, is an integral part of data structure and algorithms. By learning data coding you would manage to set the fields to collect the desired data efficiently and fix bugs and troubleshoot coding.

7. Testing Skills: End-to-end testing is essential in foolproofing the workflow of an application. This involves integration tests that combine components of the units to check whether they are providing the desired results collectively. Apart from that, there are unit tests that entail testing a single component to see if it’s working properly.

8. Design Skills: As a full stack developer you would also need to improve your UI/UX skills to create a responsive design for the website you are developing. UI/UX tools you might consider learning are Adobe XD, Marvel, Axure RP, InVision, Framer and Figma. Extensive knowledge of these tools will help you experiment with designs. Plus, there are many ways to get better at your designing skills, right from learning from examples to recreating designs for existing apps and asking for feedback on a forum like Reddit.

Wrapping Up

Arriving at the best possible piece of code for handling hefty data is a common theme in a full stack developer’s life. So, if you want to be one, start by updating yourself regarding new methodologies and languages. A great way to do this is by joining a community to learn new techniques. You have to be creative when choosing the right tools and formulate a pathway for an application to work. Besides all the technicalities, you also need to be a good listener who understands and verifies client/company requirements before starting a project to avoid a mismatch between expectations and delivery.

The company or the client for whom you are developing a software solution may not be well-versed in technological terms. As a full stack developer, your job is to understand their expectations and guide them through the methods. Verify if your understanding and their expectations are in tandem before you begin.

If you have a passion for innovation and coding is your lifeblood, all you need to do is polish and widen your knowledge of backend and frontend programming languages. Also, work on your understanding of data structure, algorithms and software design. Do that, and getting a high-paying job as a full stack developer with a good company is just a matter of time.

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How to Use Beauty Plus Photo Editor on PC

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Not everyone can dig their pockets deep to buy a professional photo editing software like Adobe Photoshop. Of course, there are various ways through which you can get a free version of such premium software but that won’t last long. Looking at the apps that Android has got, Windows users don’t enjoy the luxury of having them. If you’re too one of them who loves to edit photographs on your PC but don’t want to spend much, you can go ahead and get Beauty Plus for PC right away!

This will not only give you various options to edit photos but you can do everything at free of cost. That said, it’s essential for you to know the features of Beauty Plus app before you hit the PC with your editing skills!

Remove Unwanted Objects!

How many times you felt that a photo is perfect but there’s some unwanted person or object that is ruining the photo? Well, we felt that a lot of times and we switched to Beauty Plus to get rid of such problems. Of course, it doesn’t work as perfect as Adobe’s Photoshop but it’s decent enough to post those on Instagram or Facebook stories. You cannot ask for more when you’re getting such a cool feature at free of cost!

Add Text and Stickers!

Adding text and stickers is very common these days and with Instagram Reels slowly gaining popularity after the ban of Tik Tok ban in various countries, the text and stickers feature is being used more by Instagram users by editing photos in Beauty Plus app. You can use the stickers option to show your present mood and can add some text if you want to convey a message through your photo on various social media platforms. It’s a simple to use feature and a much needed one too.

A Complete Makeup Tool

Be it adjusting your eye lashes, eyebrows, hair color, lip color, eye color, and even eye smiles (which is a rare feature) are available in the makeup tool of Beauty Plus app. That said, you can easily apply the required changes based on your photo and the colors involved in them. Moreover, the teeth correction feature is also one of the best in Beauty Plus. It gives an ultimate glow to your teeth making you even more beautiful.

Beauty Camera!

The beauty camera feature might not work as good as it works on the Android devices, but if your computer’s camera is of HD quality, there shouldn’t be any issues using the beauty camera option to capture some stunning photos.

AI Sky Replacement!

AI sky replacement feature wasn’t available in the earlier versions of Beauty Plus. But with the time, it added some amazing features and AI Sky replacement is one of those. Capture a photo and use this feature to replace the sky. It adjusts itself with respect to the photo colors and the sky color as well. Not all suggestions are perfect but there are few that just make your photo more captivating!

Colorful Filters!

Last but not the least is the color filter option. With a plethora of filters available like cedar, flame, ember, classic, natural, and more, you can pick your favorite filter and just apply on your photo. To be honest, these filters are far better than the Instagram photo filters. Of course, you can edit few pictures on Instagram and them save them to your gallery and make them even better with Beauty Plus app.

How to Install Beauty Plus on PC?

To make the most out of Beauty Plus app, you can download it on your PC. Wondering how you can do that? Here’s a guide on the same!

#1. Download and install any Android emulator, say, MEMu emulator in this case.

#2. After the installation process, launch the emulator and sign in using your Google Account.

#3. Once done, launch the Google Play Store in MEmu emulator and search for Beauty Plus app.

#4. Click on Install now button once you find the Beauty Plus app.

#5. The installation process will be slow as compared to your Android devices. Once installed, open the Beauty Plus app, upload your photos in the app and start editing like a pro! That concludes the guide on how to use Beauty Plus Photo Editor on your PC.

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To Search or Not to Search? The Question of Staying Safe Online

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Our daily lives have become inextricably linked with technology. Whether we’re shopping, organizing our calendars, banking, or enjoying entertainment, almost everything is available and more convenient online. And with the affordability and quality of mobile devices better than ever, almost everything we do can be done via an app or website. But by going fully digital we put ourselves at risk – think about all the sensitive data, bank details, phone numbers, addresses, even simple things we enjoy that get inputted online. 

That data can be hacked, stolen and exploited, or sometimes carelessly given away, causing financial, logistical, and even emotional problems. And this isn’t limited to individuals, large scale data breaches can affect millions of people and cause long-term damage to businesses as well.  

With all this in mind, staying safe online is paramount for peace of mind. Here are some things to take into account. 

Data Breaches

The online security industry cannot rest for a moment. Each time a new security technology is rolled out, online criminals work to target its weaknesses. We’re all vulnerable to hackers and scammers as individuals, but even huge companies have suffered major data breaches in recent years. 

In July this year, a user in a basic level hacking forum shared the personal details of more than 500 million Facebook users, complete with personal data, phone numbers, locations, birthdays, and email addresses. According to Facebook, this breach was caused by a vulnerability they had patched in 2019 but was exploited by hackers. Experts say that large-scale fraud could take place as scammers impersonate users or contact them via telephone using personal data to trick them into handing over bank details etc. 

The Facebook breach wasn’t even the biggest in history. In 2013, Yahoo reported that 3 billion accounts had been compromised. In 2019, Chinese shopping giant Alibaba was hacked, resulting in 1.1 billion users having their data scraped. And in June this year, networking site LinkedIn reported that 700 million accounts had been hacked. 

Why Is Data Protection So Important?

Most people think that a breach of online privacy means that someone knows what you’re doing. The reality is that someone knows who you are, where you are, and what you’re doing. Personal data that has been inputted in a breached secure environment can be analyzed and used for a variety of things – it has high value and can be stolen, collected, and sold on. 

Of course, a lot of data collection happens legally – all those terms and conditions you never read? These give apps and websites permission to use your data. How can illegal data collection affect you? Well, sensitive data such as bank or credit card details is a pretty obvious one – a scammer can access your money. Another scam is to collect telephone numbers, then the victim is contacted and made to give over their financial details – the scammers can build trust with the personal information they’ve collected. Less obvious is the collection of medical records – this will affect your targeted ads and other online content. The main thing is this: your personal data is YOURS. No one should be able to access that illegally and cause you problems or annoyance, big or large. But maybe have a skim through the T’s and C’s next time. 

Keeping Yourself Safe Online

There are some great security solutions available for companies and families/individuals such as McAfee, Norton, and Kaspersky – if you use these, great, but make sure you update every time you get the chance – they will notify you. We mentioned above the race between security and hacker, updating is the best thing you can do to keep safe. 

Aside from that, there are a number of steps you can take to protect your data. Whenever you send a payment, make sure that you see an SSL certificate – this means the transaction environment is fully encrypted, and your details can’t be stolen or stored. 

Some of the safest platforms for money transferred include platforms like PayPal and Payoneer. However, even though those are safe to use, there are scammers who would send fake emails from those platforms pretending to be part of their teams, so make sure to verify if the email is real before you take action required in them. 

What is more, if you plan on using any other site that offers depositing money or withdrawing money, make sure the site is legit. For instance, online casinos are another example of sites where you can exchange money. But not all casinos are created equal since some exist only to scam people and steal personal information. You must look for signs that the casino site is legit. To do this, you can consult thorough online gambling guides that give an in-depth analysis of the issue. Portals like casinos.co.za, for example, besides the transparency about casino licenses and regulations and privacy concerns, also emphasize the importance of fast withdrawal options at online casinos. The best options they have on their list are the ones that ensure 100% data safety like standalone money transfer services or even bitcoin payments. This will help you make good decisions about your choices and help you stay safe. And all legit casinos will always improve their sites and their security with the aim to keep the players safe and enable them safe and successful play. 

The same goes for any other online games, especially if those are mobile apps with in-app purchases. Always look for privacy policies and laws and regulations, and the payment options in such games. Just like you won’t give your personal information to anyone face-to-face, don’t do it online, either. 

Be warned  – just like scammers send phishing emails posing as PayPal to try to get customers to follow a link and input their password on a fake site, they do the same thing from various banks. A good practice is to never ever log in to any bank, payment site, or anything sensitive through a link someone sends you – always navigate to the URL yourself. And one last, obvious thing. Strong passwords – use unique passwords for all applications – and there are password manager apps available to help you. 

Our world is dominated by electronic interaction, which is more convenient than ever. But with this convenience comes risk – but this can be minimized by safe practices and awareness. 

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6 Easy Ways to Protect Your Phone from Damage

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Can you think of a minute without your phone? Can you imagine your precious phone getting damaged? Well, phone cases are one of the essential pieces of accessories that can keep your phone safe. But apart from that, you need to ensure some other ways to protect your phone from damage. And if you’re wondering how you need to do that, scroll down!

The segment below has incorporated six easy ways that are sure to protect your phone from damage. So, check out the following, and we’re sure you’ll keep your phone safe and sound!

6 Pro Tips to Protect Your Phone from Damage

Here are the following pro tips that will protect your phone from getting damaged and destroyed:

1. Keep Your Screen Protected

Well, since we’re all using touch phones these days, protecting your screen is the most important thing. And this is because if your phone slips from your hand, it will destroy the screen. So, for that, you need to use screen protectors to keep your screen safe.

Generally, these screen protectors are slim-tempered glass that keeps your phone relatively safe. So, make sure you get yourself one when you buy a phone.

2. Use of Phone Cases

Phone cases are one of the primary accessories that can keep your phone away from all kinds of damage. So, you need to make sure you choose the ones that are of premium quality. Of course, it is needless to say that phone cases make your phone look more appealing. So, indeed it’s a win-win for both ends!

3. Ensure Your Pockets Have No Sharp Objects

Generally, irrespective of our gender, we tend to keep our phones in our pockets. So, you need to make sure you do not keep any sharp objects in your pocket. It may be a tiny metal object or even a pen. These sharp things can leave a scratch on your phone and end up ruining it. So, make sure you keep no sharp objects in your pockets where you intend to keep your phone.

4. Phone Must Be Kept Far from Water

Water can end up ruining your phone. If water seeps into your phone, it will destroy it and make it dysfunctional. So, in case you’re at the beach or plan to plunge into the pool, make sure your phone is away from you. Or else, you can try to use waterproof bags to keep your phone safe.

Water can prove to be dangerous for your phone and can destroy it completely. Once water gets into the LED, it gets destroyed.

5. Hold Your Phone Firmly

At times we tend to have problems holding phones. And that at times makes us accidentally drop our phones down. So, always have a firm grip over your phone. We know that your phone is extremely delicate, and you would not want to be harsh on it. But holding your phone too loosely might eventually make your phone fall. So, make sure you hold your phone firmly.

6. Keep Your Phone Away from Extreme Conditions

Extremely hot or too cold weather conditions can damage your phone. It begins by destroying the battery of your phone. Eventually, the damage seeps into the internal components, reducing the battery performance and data loss.

No one wants their phone to do that? Would they? Well, for that, the best solution you can do is to keep it away from extreme weather conditions. Always use it and don’t keep your phone unattended for too long.

Final Thoughts

Phones are an essential piece of equipment, and you need to keep them safe by all means. And to do that, you can incorporate the pro tips that we’ve given above. All these will keep your phone safe and sound.

Also, we would love to mention that keeping your phone away from children is extremely important. Not only children, but at times, pets also tend to fiddle around with your phone. So, it’s always advisable to keep your phone in a place that is absolutely out of their reach.

By incorporating all these ways, you can quickly increase the life of your phone and prevent yourself from spending a handsome amount of money occasionally on this device.

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